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馬貴派八卦掌の基礎

Basic Training Method and system for Magui Baguazhang +

Basic Training Method and system for Magui Baguazhang

At the end of the Qing dynasty, Chinese martial arts had reached its peak. Dong HaiChuan had combined and integrated all the best aspects of each martial art to create a new style of Chinese martial arts.

This method, now called Bagua, was a revolutionary step in terms of martial arts development because it is limitless. Because it is primarily circular, this made it different from any other martial art practiced before. Each and every Palm is unique, but they all relate to the same basic principles of Bagua. A “Palm” is a routine of movements that allow you to change directions while walking the circle, and also teach valuable martial principles necessary for fighting. Every original Palm passed down by Dong HaiChuan represents the best practices of a particular martial art school from his time, and shows a different aspect of martial arts.

In ancient times it was said that if one achieved the valuable “dan tian” they would not exchange it for a mountain of gold. With proper training from a qualified teacher in Magui Baguazhang you can get this treasure. Bagua is truly the most precious thing in the world. If you practice Bagua you will doubtlessly agree, and praise the true Tao for its simplicity, perfection and profundity.

If you are willing, Bagua can rid your body of weaknesses and disease, it can allow you to live a spiritually and physically active life.

If you are willing, Bagua can bring you health and happiness for your whole life, and provide you with a youthful way of life even after the age of 80.

If you are willing, Bagua can bring you confidence through an active and healthy lifestyle, thus giving you a true martial arts spirit. Bagua can change you into a powerful and heroic human being.

These are just a few of many attributes that Bagua can give you.

Circle-walking +

Circle-walking

The primary method of training in Bagua is circle walking. Through the circle walking the whole body is strengthened, health improved and maintained, illnesses can be cured, and lifespan extended. It is also the way to train the internal power and martial art techniques for self-defense.

There are eight different ways of walking the circle:

1. Dragon walking 2. Bear walking
3. Lion walking 4. Crab walking
5. Eagle walking 6. Single-hook walking
7. Reaching towards the heaven and earth walking 8. Yin Yang fish walking

Each way has a special stepping method as well as body position.

The Basic Palms +

The Basic Palms

As previously mentioned each Palm as well as Walking style represents the best practices of a particular martial art school, and shows a different principle of Baguazhang. Below are the “Mother Palms” for each Walking style. They are called “Mother Palms” because they are the cores for all other movements within each Walking style.

 

Eight Mother Palms of the Dragon  

1. Single Changing Palm 2. Double Changing Palm
3. Following Palm 4. Triple Piercing Palm
5. Dodging Body Palm 6. Grinding Body
7. Returning Body Palm 8. Spinning Body Palm

          

 

Eight Mother Palms of the Bear

1. Rolling Over the Body Palm 2. Swimming Body Palm
3. Behind the Body Palm 4. Returning Body Palm
5. Pressing Body Palm 6. Crossing Hands Palm
7. Double Separating Punch Palm 8. Shoulder Strike Palm

 

 

Eight Mother Palms of the Lion

1. Lion Holds the Ball Palm 2. Lion Rolls Over Holding the Ball Palm
3. Lion Rolls the Ball Palm 4. Lion Catches the Ball Palm
5. Lion throws the Ball Palm 6. Lion Throws the Ball Palm in Following Way
7. Dancing Lion Palm 8. Lion Rolls a Big Ball Palm

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Eight forceful Situation of the Eagle

1. Eagle Rides the Wind 2. Eagle Circles to Change Direction
3. Eagle Tilts in the Wind 4. Eagle Spirit Grabs the Rabbit
5. Eagle Pierces the Heavens 6. Eagle Grabs a Fish
7. Eagle Circles to Four Directions 8. Eagle Soars

                

Linking Ramming Eight Mother Palms of the Crab

1. Body Separation Ramming Palm 2. Return Back Ramming Palm
3. Retreat Ramming Palm 4. Linking Left and Right Ramming Palm
5. Following Ramming Palm 6. Front and Rear Linking Ramming Palm
7. Five Element Linking Palm 8. Linked Hard Ramming Palm


Eight mother postures of the Single Hook

1. Single Hook Changing Posture 2. Double Hook Changing Posture
3. Cloud Waving Hook Changing Posture 4. Hook Pulling and Leading Posture
5. Hook Slicing and Smashing Posture 6. Hook in Golden Cock and Monkey Shape Posture
7. Hook Dotting and Reaching Posture 8. Single Hook Turning in Four Direction Posture

 

Eight Figures of the Yin-Yang Fish Model

1. Changeover Design Figure 2. Double Changeover Design Figure
3. Spiraling Design Figure 4. Flowing Figure
5. Cloud Wave Figure 6. Folding Figure

Unfortunately two of the eight palms have been lost in time.

          

Eight Postures of the Point to the sky and plunge into the earth

The eight different movements and postures for this have not been taught through our grand master Liu WanChuan. We could invent some movements, but honestly we do not want to add anything that has not been authentically transmitted from Liu WanChuan to the Ma Gui system.

その他の套路 +

Other Bagua Routines

In order to ensure that Bagua became widely spread and practiced, Dong HaiChuan created different Bagua forms to satisfy those who love various forms of martial art. In order to make it easier to be practiced as a group like TaijiQuan, he created four routines, and named them “Bagua Zhang.” What we now call Bagua at this time was called “Bagua Zhuan Zhang”, which means the endlessly turning Bagua palms and was all practiced within the circle-walking.

He created four routines that are unique. Unfortunately, Master Liu WanChuan only passed on the first two forms, the 88 form and the 128 form. The other two have been lost.

The 88 routine is based on the dragon form. It contains many reaching palms (tanzhang), piercing palms (chuanzhang), and following palms (shunshi zhang). The body turns continuously, the movements are clear and crisp, the stepping is almost exclusively Koubu and Baibu, and the directions are taken clearly. It must be done with good stability, firmness, and an upright body, taking its place naturally between heaven and earth.

The 128 routine is based on the lion and single hook forms. It advances and retreats in an orderly fashion, all moves linking together like a chain. It is like a dragon soaring and a tiger leaping, like a myriad of birds on the morning breeze. It contains deep feelings and beauty, and is aesthetically pleasing to watch.

I feel that the two other routines are probably based on the yinyang diagram, the eagle form, the crab form, and the point to the sky form, which I imagine would be extraordinary. Many things may be lost over the years. It really makes the hero shed tears over the lost skills of the ancients!

For real martial artists, practicing the forms is a waste of time and energy, but the four forms that Dong HaiChuan passed down contain within them an artistic element and some important philosophical principles and secrets. These are aspects of Bagua that go far beyond mere martial art and so therefore need to be studied deeply. They are truly a priceless piece of Chinese cultural heritage.

Although I feel my level is not up to the previous generation’s standards, I would hate to see these martial art forms disappear. I will try my best to teach and spread these two forms.

Liu WanChuan also knew the Paochui (cannon-fist) routine, which he taught to his son-in-law Li Tao, who in turn taught it to me. I do not though know the exact lineage of this routine. Did Liu learn it from his uncle Liu Qingfu or Yin Yuzhang, which means it came from Yin Fu, or did he learn it from Ma Gui? Because I am unsure I have not yet included this routine as part of the Ma Gui system’s curriculum. This may change as further information becomes available.  

 

Basic Pair Practices +

Basic Pair Practices

After a basic level of training has been achieved in circle walking and the basic palms they can be used in pair practices. Where all the Bagua principles can be applied to martial art training. Some of these principles are: pushing, lifting, dragging, leading, rejecting, locking, swooping, and drilling.

There are 8 different pair practices:

1) Using the pair practice to train the changing palms (single changing, double changing, and following changing palms).

2) Using the pair practice to train drawing and leading palms, practicing drawing and leading the opponents oncoming force away from the body.

3) Using the pair practice to train the spearing palms (chuangzhang).

4) Using the pair practice to train the pressing down palm (yazhang).

5) Using the pair practice to train the coiling palms.

6) Using the pair practice to train the shoving palms (zhuangzhang).

7) Using the pair practice to train the dragging palms (daishou).

8)   Using the pair practice to train the grabbing and locking palms.

These pair practices are also done with all 8 Mother Palms of the various styles as well (i.e. Dragon, Bear, Lion, etc…).

Basic Bagua Weapons +

Basic Bagua Weapons

Bagua has its own unique weaponry that surpasses the normal level of ancient weapons. Before modern weaponry, they represented the highest level of intelligence in terms of weaponry development. The methods for using these weapons have been hidden within the Bagua palms, which in turn have been hidden within the circle walking. Through the circle walking and special instruction the skills for using the weapons can be achieved.

There are four basic types of Bagua weapons, and each weapon is based on an aspect of Bagua circle walking. These weapons are unique to the Bagua style and can only be trained through the circle walking. The movements for the weapons are exactly the same as the Bagua Palm they relate to.

The four weapons are:

1. The deer horn dagger 2. The Bagua broadsword
3. The Bagua calligraphy brush 4. The seven-star stick

 
                

 

馬貴派八卦掌の功能

Benefits of Practice +

Unique health and strength promotion

Through the basic circle-walking practice, we train the qi and blood, changing the Tendons and bones and eventually developing the whole body and the “dantian.” The training can be divided into three stages:

The first stage is after a basic level of training is achieved the qi, blood, tendons, bones, and meridians can be strengthened and changed. The body gradually becomes thicker, and more powerful. You can tell if someone has reached a basic level just by looking at his or her body-shape. The “dantian” becomes full, the vital organs revitalized and any diseases in the body will gradually disappear. People who are sickly and prone to illness can rebuild and recover their health. The body becomes robust and a person’s spirit becomes clear and strong.

The second stage is after years of training and a complete understanding is developed. At this level of training the body will become much stronger than what can be achieved through conventional exercise. External factors such as weather, environment, or diet will not influence the practitioner’s health. The body and spirit can change so much that the person will be almost unrecognizable when compared to their former self.

The third stage is when the highest level of Bagua is achieved. The body and “dantian” are completely developed. Once this level is achieved it will never be lost, regardless of age or lifestyle. Even during old age a practitioner of this level can still have the vitality and health of a young person.

Profound internal power training and unique martial arts techniques

 

Through the circle-walking practice, the body becomes rooted and firm, and the qi and breathing become very stable. Like a lion crouching, heavy, strong, and ready. The tendons and bones become united, and the qi and blood circulation becomes full and powerful. Helping you develop true real internal power. This then transfers to martial skill.

Through the circle walking and practice of the palms you develop Bagua’s unique fighting method. You study using the complete body structure and different angles to attack, and an evasive circular step to simultaneously attack and defend.

Attacking can be done at unexpected and indefensible angles, using the methods of drawing close to, drawing power from, crowding, leaning on, and taking advantage of the opponent’s weaknesses. You learn the principles of Contracting and Expanding, using small movements and softness to ensnare the opponent, combined with explosive full body power to over come the opponent. From the above principles a subtle and unique fighting system has been developed.

 Exquisite body movements, body structure, and spiritual fulfillment

In our training we primarily concentrate on body structure and core principles. Every movement comes from basic principles, which combine the body with the mind with the spirit. Over time every posture has the stability and stillness of a sculpture.

The movements can be done in any direction on the horizontal and vertical planes, linking together so that the end of one movement becomes the beginning of the next, so that the end and the beginning are united and cooperative. A feeling of limitless expression can be felt throughout one’s practice. Bagua movements are light, simple and clear with the steps always hooking inward or outward. Within the basic structure the body and spirit can move freely.  Within the soft and slow movements lies a hard and strong power, within the free movements lies an artistic and expressive quality. The result is a beautiful art that combines martial arts movements with spiritual expression.

 

 

Profound cultural tradition

Bagua is a method of promoting health, martial arts, physical culture, and art. But to speak in broader terms, Bagua is the culmination of thousands of years of Chinese culture and tradition. It is a cultivation of the human spirit, a practical philosophy, an integrative intelligence – it is a way of life. If you begin to practice Bagua, you can develop the same kind of understanding as is described above.

 

 

 

 

Whole Life Experience

For those of you who love life and health, you should protect and take care of them. The best way to take care of them is Bagua.

For those who love art, the body can express the highest level of art through movement. Bagua is the culmination of thousands of years of physical culture.

For those who love the martial arts, Bagua is as limitless as the sky and as deep as the sea. Once you begin learning Bagua you will never want to stop, never be able to give it up.

For those who want to live a satisfying life, you cannot find anything better than Bagua, with Bagua you can sail through life like a Pegasus flying across the sky.

For those who want to really experience and understand life, Bagua is the culmination of thousands of years of Chinese philosophy and culture.    

Bagua has so many possibilities and so many different aspects if you choose to learn and practice Bagua it will become the most precious thing in your life.

馬貴派八卦掌の資格

Degrees/Ranking +

Student level basic curriculum 

There are eight student levels. Each level is represented by its own graphic. We chose these graphics because they are traditional to the Imperial household of China, and Baguazhang has a close relationship with the Imperial households of old. If you read the history page you will find that Dong Haichuan, Yin Fu, and Ma Gui were all part of the Imperial household. They would have been familiar with these designs and would probably have worn them as well. More will be explained on these designs, as well as the Instructor’s designs, in the member’s section. Below are the basic requirements for each level.While Magui Baguazhang does not have traditional ‘ranks’, we have found it necessary to have some form of level identifiers. The reason for this is so that we can ensure students throughout the world are getting the proper training in the proper format and order. This allows the student and teacher to know what information each individual has studied and needs to study.

s-11Basic Level 1

Basic Circle walking: Bear walking, and Dragon walking. Mastering the basic movements of the hands, eyes, steps, and body

Palm Changes: Single changing Palm (danhuanzhang), basic stretching Palm (tanzhang), Basic Covering Palm (gaizhang), and Basic Back Fist (fanbeichui)

s-2Basic Level 2

Circle walking: Bear walking, and dragon walking. Mastering the basic movements of the hands, eyes, steps, and body

Palm changes: Double Changing Palm (shuanghuanzhang), Basic Ramming Palm (zhuangzhang), Basic Pick-up and Ramming (tiaoda), and Basic Spearing Palm (chuanzhang)

s-31Elementary Level 1

Circle walking: Bear walking, and Dragon walking

Palm changes: Following Palm (shunshizhang), Four variations of Stretching Palm (tanzhang), and Spearing Palm (chuanzhang)

s-41Elementary Level 2

Circle walking: Bear walking, and Dragon walking

Palm changes: Triple Spearing Palm (sanchuanzhang), Elementary Ramming Palm (zhuangzhang), Elementary Pick Up and Ramming (tiaoda), and Elementary Spearing Palm (chuanzhang)

Once you have reached Elementary Level 2 you may then apply to be certified as a Level 1 Instructor. Instructor levels will be represented by different graphics to the student levels. There are no benefits or bonuses to becoming an instructor in Magui Baguazhang, only added responsibilities. To name a few, you have an obligation to not only study the material but also study how to share that material with others. And you have the responsibility to share that information properly. Because of this we have yearly qualification requirements to remain an instructor and ensure that our students worldwide are getting the best training that they can. Only the current linage holder of Magui Baguazhang can award instructor licenses. A Level 1 Instructor may teach up to Student Basic Level 2.

s-51Middle Level 1

Circle Walking: Bear walking, and Dragon Walking

Palm changes: Dodging Body Changing Palm, Grinding Body Changing Palm, Returning Body Changing Palm, and Spinning Body Changing Palm

Once Student Middle level 1 has been reached you can apply for Level 2 Instructor. A Level 2 Instructor may teach up to Student Elementary Level 1.

s-61Middle Level 2

Circle Walking: Bear Model walking, and Dragon Model Walking

Palm Methods: Pull Hands (dragging, daishou), One variation Method of the eight Mother Palms, and 88 forms Routine

Once Middle level 2 has been reached you can apply for Level 1 Senior Instructor. A Level 1 Senior Instructor may teach up to Student Middle Level 1.

s-72Senior Level 1

High Level Circle Walking: Bear Model walking, Dragon Model Walking, and Lion Model Walking

Palm Methods: Eight Mother Palms of the Lion Model

Once Student Senior level 1 has been reached you can apply for Level 2 Senior Instructor. A Level 2 Senior Instructor may teach up to Student Middle Level 2.

s-82Senior Level 3

High Level Circle Walking: Bear Walking, Dragon Walking, Lion Walking, and Single Hook Walking

Palm Methods: Eight Mother Palms of the Single Hook, and 128 forms Routine

Once Student Senior level 2 has been reached you can apply for Level 3 Instructor. A Level 3 Instructor may teach up to Student Senior Level 1.

s-9-0Inspector Level

This student level is an award level only. It will be presented to students only by the linage holder in recognition of effort and time an individual has contributed to Magui Baguazhang and the Magui Baguazhang Promotion Center.